TUMULT IN EASTERN TURKESTAN
Reports have reached ETI of large scale protest in several of Eastern Turkestan's cities, townships and counties in the wake of the most recent Chinese nuclear test on August 17 at Lop Nor. Uighurs living in the cities of Korla, Tikenlik, Yengisu and Charlik, near the test site, were reported displaying banners in the Uighur and Chinese languages. The banners carried such slogans as "Stop the Atom in Our Country', "Do you intend to annihilate us ?", and Are we your pigs that you can do anything with us ?". Special units of the People's Liberation Army were said to have been called in to disperse the demonstrators. reports of casualties are not available.
In March 1993 almost one hundred thousand Uighurs living in an the area gathered near the test site to demand its closure. When PLA units opened fire on the demonstrators fighting erupted and demonstrators broke into the complex damaging equipment and burning military vehicles, tanks and airplanes. Those clashes reportedly resulted in several casualties, including deaths, and the arrest of hundreds.
HARRY WU SAYS WORLD BANK FUNDS FORCED LABOR
Human rights activist Harry Wu accused the World Bank of offering $90 million in loans to an irrigation project serving several of China's forced labor camps.
Wu, a former political prisoner who was convicted earlier this year, said on October 23 that the bank made the loans to support the Tarim Basin Project in Eastern Turkestan but that this project was servicing China's "gulag" prison system there.
In a report Wu said that seven large forced labor camps run by China's Ministry of Justice and at least 14 smaller camps run by the People's Liberation Army were located in the area encompassed by the irrigation project. Wu alleged that the World Bank project area, designed to bring water to impoverished peasants, was benefiting the labor camps and at least 30 special farms operated by the quasi-military Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. "Maybe the Chinese were cheating the World Bank," said Wu during a press conference. "maybe the World Bank never knew it. Whatever, we have to tell about this."
Wu was critical of a July 1991 World Bank staff report on the Tarim Basin project. He said that the report did not mention the camps in its text, although one of the project maps included a forced labor camp called Pailu. According to the report the aim of the project was to "alleviate poverty in several of the poorest counties in Eastern Turkestan with predominately Uighur population" by increasing crop and livestock production.
Wu also said that 28 agricultural regiments of the Production and Construction Corps were located along the Tarim River in the project's area of primary benefit. The overwhelming majority of these regiments' 260,000 members are ethnic Chinese, he said. "The World Bank would have us believe the project primarily benefits Xinjiang's minority population." said Wu.
The World Bank lends more money to China than to any other country, with commitments totaling more than 23 billion dollars for 159 projects. Wu called on World Bank president James Wolfensohn to establish an international commission to investigate the Tarim Basin project and to train staff members concerning forced labor issues.
CHINESE ACCOUNT OF HUMANS RIGHTS ABUSES
The following account of an ethnic Chinese who defected to Kazakhstan was published in the Uighur language newspaper Yengi Hayat (New Life) on September 16:
My name is Yu Jun Fu. I am a Chinese. I graduated from the English Department of Xinjiang University in 1984 and worked for the Science and Technology Committee of the Xinjiang Region from 1984-91. In 1988 I was sent by the Committee to Hong Kong for training in international trade.
While I was in Hong Kong the Chinese students' democratic movement erupted in Beijing. I took part in demonstrations organized in Hong Kong in support of the Beijing students. Agents working at the Xinhua News Agency in Hong Kong were aware of my activities and I was forced to return to China. Escorted by a Chinese agent I was brought to Guangzhou where my passport was canceled and I was detained for 30 days.
I was then sent to Xinjiang where I was held for 70 days until I gave a written pledge of my loyalty. I was freed but I was not allowed to return to my previous job. During my detention I had been interrogated, beaten and tortured. In January 1992 I found a way to defect to Kazakhstan where I am now living.
In China Uighurs, Tibetans, Mongolians and minorities in general are not given equal treatment with the Chinese in all walks of life. this fact is well-known to the majority of China's common people. Minorities are usually treated like dirt, backward and primitive.
I was born in southern Xinjiang. I grew up among Uighurs. It gave me the opportunity of learning about Uighur traditions, culture and civilization. These are very rich, but the Chinese authorities are systematically destroying them. Uighurs have no rights at all in their own country. Most jobs are given to Chinese leaving Uighurs jobless. Uighurs in the countryside are especially poor. Many Uighur children have no chance to attend primary schools so illiteracy among Uighur is very high. Official Chinese policy is to keep the Uighurs ignorant.
Health care for Uighurs is almost non-existent. people suffer from all kinds of diseases as a result of nuclear testing carried out in Xinjiang yet there is no medical attention for these suffering Uighurs.
If Uighurs protest these inequalities they are arrested, tortured and executed, charged as "counterrevolutionaries." In this way hatred for the Chinese grow among Uighurs. Many Chinese living in Xinjiang believe that unless something is done to correct these unjust policies, Xinjiang could become an area of major conflict.
The same situation prevails in Tibet and Inner Mongolia. I met with many Tibetans in Beijing and Chengdu. They had come out of Tibet with their families. Most of them looked as if they were sick of life. They are very poor and wear ragged clothes. They used to sell traditional Tibetan medicine and their handicrafts. They are constantly pursued by police because they do not have a license to sell. But in China proper it is virtually impossible for Tibetans, Uighurs or Mongolians to obtain a license.
A friend told me a story from the spring of 1993 when he was practicing in a hospital. A Tibetan youth of 24 years was brought to the hospital bleeding heavily from a stab wound in his back. He had been stabbed by a young Chinese business man. The doctors were unable to save the Tibetan's life.
My friend informed the victim's Tibetan friends who had brought him to the hospital and advised them to go to the police to file charges against the Chinese murderer. He was told that some Tibetans had already been to the police but the police would not listen. The Chinese police officers treated the Tibetans as "bad people." The next day about 60 Tibetans came to fetch the body of the dead Tibetan. When the authorities refused to release the body the Tibetans insisted and the police were called to disperse them. In the end the Chinese who had stabbed the Tibetan went unpunished and the Tibetans were not allowed to even take the body of their friend.
Uighurs, Tibetans, and Mongols are daily faced with this kind of injustice in all aspects of life. To the ordinary Chinese and Uighur remains a "dirty shish kebob maker" and Tibetans are "Lao Zhang" (dirty Tibetan).
KAZAKHSTAN PRESSURED ON EASTERN TURKESTAN
Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev was pressured to withhold support from any Eastern Turkestani independence movement during his third official visit to China in September. Nazarbayev told reporters that he had discussed Chinese nuclear testing with Chinese President Jiang Zemin during his three-day visit but declined to be more specific. He noted that Soviet nuclear testing in Kazakhstan had damaged the health of half a million people.
Chinese officials have held out the promise of vast cooperation with the former Soviet republic and a joint statement issued during Nazarbayev's visit said that he and Jiang had agreed that Almaty would not assist any of "the activities for independence" in Eastern Turkestan, which borders Kazakhstan.
EASTERN TURKESTANIS DEMONSTRATE IN AUSTRALIA
Eastern Turkestanis living in Australia held a large demonstration in Adelaide on September 30 to protest continued Chinese nuclear testing at Lop Nor. More than one thousand people participated, including Greenpeace and various national and international organizations. Demonstrators carried slogans such as "Stop nuclear testing in Eastern Turkestan," "Stop genocide and ethnic cleansing in Eastern Turkestan" and "China get out of Eastern Turkestan."
The demonstration was addressed by several speakers including Tursunay Muhammed, from the local Uighur community; who said that forced birth control and mass population transfers were making Eastern Turkestan's original inhabitants a minority in their own land.
The Honorable Terry Roberts, MLC, drew a parallel between Chinese nuclear tests, the French nuclear program in the Pacific and British tests in South Australia in the fifties. Sheikh Solaiman Noureddine, President of the Islamic Society of South Australia condemned the Chinese government's oppressive policy in Eastern Turkestan. Senator Mr. John Coulter said that there was no place in out world for nuclear weapons. He condemned the Chinese tests which he said were contaminating the fresh water supply of half the people on the planet. He also criticized the Australian government's policy as hypocritical. Inam Ahmet Kilinc, religious leader of the Australian Turkish community, emphasized that the peoples of Eastern Turkestan had an identity distinct from the Chinese historically, culturally, and linguistically. Finally Noorpolat Abdullah read out an open letter to Foreign Minister Senator Evans condemning Australia's silence on these tests. The letter was signed by Ahmet Igemberdi, chairman of the Australian Eastern Turkestan Association which organized the demonstration. Senator Coulter promised to read the letter in Parliament.
GREENPEACE CALLS FOR PROTEST
International environmental watchdogs Greenpeace have called for global protest after members of the organization were detained by Chinese authorities for holding up an anti-nuclear banner in Beijing's TianAnMen Square.
On August 16 six Greenpeace activists staged an unprecedented anti-nuclear demonstration in TianAnMen Square calling on the Chinese leadership to stop its nuclear testing at Lop Nor in Eastern Turkestan. All six Greenpeace members were arrested but later released and deported after protests by the international community.
During the negotiations on the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in Geneva on August 24 representatives of South Africa, the Republic of Korea, Belgium, Holland, Japan, and several other countries criticized China's continued nuclear tests at its Lop Nor site in Eastern Turkestan.
The International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) sent a petition signed by thousands of anti-nuclear activists to Chinese Foreign Minister Chen Qichen calling on the Chinese leadership to stop its nuclear testing. The petition said that "the people of Xinjiang have suffered the effects of living between two test sites - Semipalatinsk and Lop Nor. Now only Lop Nor continues to be used. The peoples in the region continue to be affected by the unavoidable radioactive fallout that occurs during underground testing. There have been reports of a large increase in the incidence of cancer in the region. For this reason we are calling on the Chinese government to release their official data on cancer deaths and sickness." The IPPNW also released a leaflet worldwide informing the international community of the damages of the Chinese testing in Eastern Turkestan.
The German Asian Foundation organized a conference entitled "From Muruoa to Lop Nor" on September 19 in the city of Essen. Erkin Alptekin, chairman of the Eastern Turkestani Union in Europe, Tsewang Norbu, representative of the Tibet Association in Germany, and Dr. Herman Halbeisen of the University of Bochum were guest speakers.
Alptekin gave a detailed account of the consequences of the Chinese testing. Norbu spoke about radioactive fallout in Tibet and Dr. Halbeisen discussed Chinese military strategy and Asia's arms race.
THREE WOMEN DIE DURING FORCED ABORTION
Three pregnant women in Eastern Turkestan were reported to have died in hospital when Chinese authorities forced them to discontinue their pregnancies. Protesting the deaths friends and neighbors staged a demonstration in front of the local government and Party building. The protest eventually attracted some five thousand demonstrators and when People's Liberation Army units arrived the protesters proceeded to attack public buildings and set fire to official cars.
According to witnesses arriving in Kazakhstan's capital, Almaty, the clashes began on July 20 and continued for five days. These witnesses said that almost 100 had died, hundreds had been injured and almost one thousand arrests were made.
A coercive birth control policy is being pursued in Eastern Turkestan in an effort to restrain the growth of the Uighur population there. After soft-pedaling the new policy between 1988-1990, enforcement was stepped up in 1990 and has led to the deaths of many women and children.
The policy of coercive birth control was confirmed in the official organ of the Chinese Communist Party Committee in Eastern Turkestan, Xinjiang Daily, in an article on August 1994. According to that article 1,191 women in Aksu's Tohla township, whose population is 8,533, had been forced to receive a contraceptive ring, 171 women to submit to sterilization and three women had been compelled to abort their pregnancies.
POVERTY AND UNEMPLOYMENT GROWING
Recent letters to this Bulletin from various parts of Eastern Turkestan have emphasized the poverty, misery, and unemployment among Uighurs have reached unprecedented levels. The letters indicate that unemployment is particularly acute among the young and up to 80 percent are presently living below poverty level. Even starvation is now common, even in the southern part of the country. The correspondents feel that a continuation of the present situation might lead to a social explosion in the country with unpredictable consequences.
The letters offer the following explanations for the country's suffering: The sparse resources of Eastern Turkestan are being consumed at an increasing rate by Chinese settlers who arrive in ever growing numbers. According to a report in the Xinjiang Daily of April 6, the Chinese Communist Party Committee in Eastern Turkestan has decided to increase the number of Chinese settlers in 1995 by 20 percent over 1994 levels. That report said that at present almost nine thousand settlers arrive by train daily. Not only do settlements for these newcomers strain the country's resources, but the wealth earned when these settlers begin working is transferred out of Eastern Turkestan and returned to China.
Large sums are diverted from economic development for the use of paramilitary and security forces to fight "separatists." Uighurs are not allowed to benefit from their own country's natural resources, pushing the country ever closer to bankruptcy. The enormous deficit in the country's budget was admitted in an interview with Gong Jin Niu, director of Eastern Turkestan's Finance Department, published by the Xinjiang Daily on January 27 this year. Niu said that the country's 1994 deficit had been 900 million Yuan, and that the 1995 deficit was expected to be 2.4 billion Yuan. He also said that factory workers had only been paid 40 percent of their salary.
UIGHUR NATIONAL POET DIES
Uighurs living at home and abroad learned with sorrow that Abdurahim Tilesh Otkur, one of the most well-known Uighur poets, had passed away recently in Urumchi. Otkur was 74 years old.
Otkur was born in the city of Kumul in 1921. He grew up during a turbulent period in Eastern Turkestan. Then the country was under the rule of Chinese warlords and as today, its people suffered political oppression. The atmosphere in which Otkur grew up was influenced by the movement for independence from Chinese rule, and this atmosphere was reflected in his career and his poetry.
After graduating from Urumchi College Otkur worked as a teacher while writing poems and articles aimed at exposing unjust Chinese policies. Later he joined Mesut Sabri Bykuzi, Mehmet Emin Bugra and Isa Yusuf Alptekin, who were leading a peaceful struggle to liberate Eastern Turkestan.
When, in 1949, Eastern Turkestan was occupied by the Chinese Communists Otkur decided not to leave his motherland. Accused of being a "counterrevolutionary element," a narrow-minded nationalist who tried to split the great motherland" and a member of the "Isa Yusuf Alptekin clique" he was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment in a labor camp near Korla.
Released in 1965, it was not until 1980 when a new Chinese leadership under Deng Xiaoping, in an effort to blame Eastern Turkestan's problem on the Gang of Four, rehabilitated Otkur. Together with other Uighur intellectuals, writers and former politicians Otkur was given a job at the Uighur Institute of the Academy of Sciences in Urumchi. He continued to write poetry and was kept under strict observation by the Communist authorities until the time of his death.
Several collections of the poetry of Abdurahim Tilesh Otkur have been printed, including "Flowers," in 1943, "Chingmoden" in 1945 and "Yurek Munglari," in 1946. The famous "Tarim Boylari" (on the Banks of the Tarim) was published in 1948. His latest collection, "Iz" (Track), was published under Chinese communist rule, but he did not share the Party's official line on "socialist reality." In one of these poems he admonished Uighur youth that by "following in the footsteps of the older generation they will find the correct way."
UIGHUR PAINTER DIES
Ablett, a well-known Uighur painter, died in Munich on October 18.
Born in Lopur county in Eastern Turkestan in 1945, Ablett was a graduate of the Academy of Fine Arts in Urumchi and the University for Theater and Art in Beijing. After completing his education he worked as a painter and teacher at the Urumchi Academy of Fine Arts and as decorator with the Uighur National Theater.
Ablett worked for the revival of Uighur painting which, following a long historical tradition, had, like other areas of Uighur culture had fallen into sharp decline under Communist Chinese rule. During the Cultural Revolution thousands of Uigur paintings were destroyed as "remnants of the past." Ablett was persecuted by the Red Guards for trying to save Uighur art treasures. Like many others Ablett was pressured to conform to "socialist reality." His refusal and his efforts to revive traditional painting caused him to be branded "counterrevolutionary" and "narrow-minded nationalist." Eventually he was forced to leave his motherland in order to continue his work in an atmosphere of freedom.
In 1986 Ablett asked for political asylum in West Germany. Despite great financial difficulties he continued painting never abandoning his determination to revitalize a part of the rich Uighur culture.
ETUE HOLDS ANNUAL MEETING
The Annual Meeting of the Eastern Turkestani Union in Europe was held on August 15 in Munich the following officers were chosen at the meeting; Erkin Alptekin was reelected Chairman; Enver Can was reelected Vice Chairman; Hasan Abdullah was elected additional Vice Chairman; Omar Kanat and Asgar Can were elected General Secretaries of internal and external affairs, respectively; Turson Iyigun was elected Treasurer; and Adil Nurdan was elected Assistant Treasurer. During the session committees were set up to deal with the following areas: Women, Religion, Folklore, Publications and Public Relations, Sports and Refuges.
ETUE SOCCER TEAM STARTED
The Eastern Turkestani Union in Europe has recently organized a soccer team called the Eastern Turkestani National Soccer Players. The team, whose players range in age between 18 and 40, has been invited to play other teams in Turkey and elsewhere.
ACTIVITIES OF CENTRAL ASIAN UIGHURS
10TH ANNIVERSARY OF ALLIED COMMITTEE
ETUE ATTENDS WORLD TURKIC CONFERENCE
18TH ANNUAL TURKISH FEDERATION CONGRESS
ETUE AT WORLD SINDHI CONFERENCE
A press conference in Almaty was organized on September 5 by Kahraman Gojamberdiev, Chairman of the Inter-Republican Uighur Association, and Nurkiz Iliyeva, Chairwoman of the Woman's branch of the Association to make known the decision of the Chinese Embassy not to issue a visa for Iliyeva to participate in the Women's Conference in Beijing. At the press conference Iliyeva protested the decision and gave an account of the grave situation facing Uighur women in Eastern Turkestan. Gojamberdiev addressed human rights abuses in Eastern Turkestan.
Representatives of Uighur youth participated in the 5th International Turkic World Youth Conference in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan August 1-6. The conference included 287 representatives from 39 Youth organizations of 25-Turkic-speaking peoples. Alimjan Hemra, chairman of the Uighur youth delegation, spoke at the Conference about Chinese atrocities in Eastern Turkestan and called on the world Turkic youth to support Eastern Turkestan's cause. A resolution was adopted by the Conference calling on the Chinese leadership to respect human rights in Eastern Turkestan and to stop nuclear testing there. Participants also staged a demonstration in front of the Chinese embassy in Bishkek. On August 29 Uighurs staged an anti-nuclear protest in front of the Chinese Embassy in Almaty. Some 500 people from Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian and other ethnic groups took part. Speakers at the demonstrations, which was organized by the Inter-Republic Uighur Association, condemned Chinese political repression and ecological destruction in Eastern Turkestan. The Chinese Embassy refused to either meet with five representatives of the demonstrators or to allow them to hand over a petition signed by five thousand people.
The Allied Committee of the Peoples of Eastern Turkestan, Tibet and Inner Mongolia was official ten years old on July 14. The Allied Committee (AC) has been recognized as playing a major role in strengthening cooperation and solidarity among Eastern Turkestani, Tibetans, and Inner Mongols living at home and abroad since its foundation at a conference in Zurich in 1985. The AC has also been important in countering the Chinese policy of setting one ethnic group against the other. Most important the AC has demonstrated that at a time when many ethnic groups in the world find themselves in bloody conflict with one another, the peoples of Eastern Turkestan, Tibet and Inner Mongolia, with different ethnic, religious, and linguistic backgrounds can work together in a common front. In this way they are laying a foundation upon which to build cooperation and solidarity within the framework of future independence.
Among those whose tireless efforts and firm belief in the vital importance of coordination among these peoples have animated the AC the name of Kasur Gyari Lodi, now special envoy of His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, in Washington, must be mentioned. ETUE would like to take this opportunity to express appreciation to Lodi Gyari and others who have worked to improve the lot of these numerically small nations who face the same destiny at the hands of the Chinese Communists.
ETUE Chairman Erkin Alptekin was invited as Eastern Turkestani representative to the Third World Turkic Congress of Friendship, Brotherhood and Cooperation held in Izmir September 30 through October 2. The Congress, sponsored by Turkish president Suleyman Demirel, was organized by the Turkic World Foundation. Almost 800 representatives, including Prime Ministers from several Turkic republics, participated in the Congress.
Opening the Congress President Demirel said, "It is an historical fact that between the Great Wall of China and the Balkans live almost 200 million Turkic-speaking people. For centuries Turkic peoples who share a common history, language and culture have been kept away from each other. Some of them have now gained independence, some are semi-independent and some still live under foreign domination. The aim of this conference is to bring together all these Turkic-speaking peoples and allow them to meet, discuss, and come to know each other better. In Europe today countries of differing ethnic, linguistic and religious backgrounds have come together to establish peace, stability and prosperity founding the European Union. It is natural that the Turkic peoples, with a common history, language and cultural background, should seek to strengthen their friendship, brotherhood and cooperation. This cooperation will bring peace and prosperity not only to Turkic peoples, but to their neighbors and throughout the world."
A resolution was accepted at the conference to seek to improve the political, economic, social and ecological situation of the peoples in Eastern Turkestan. At the request of the Eastern Turkestani delegation it was resolved that Eastern Turkestan should be represented at the Turkic World Conference.
In addition to Alptekin the Eastern Turkestani delegation included Riza Bekin, Chairman of the Eastern Turkestan Foundation in Istanbul and Ismail Cengiz, General Secretary of the Eastern Turkestan Refugee Committee in Istanbul.
ETUE Chairman Erkin Alptekin was invited to the 18th annual Congress of the Turkish Federation in Frankfort on November 4. The Turkish Federation is an umbrella organization of Turkish `guest workers' residing in European countries. It represents organizations with almost 500 thousand members. The gathering included guests representing Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Turkmen, Tartars, Crimean Tartars, Western Thrace, Bulgaria, Iran, and Iraq. Parliamentarians, trade union leaders, intellectuals, and scholars from Turkey were also present.
Alptekin addressed the congress mentioning the broad scope of the Turkic World and noting the Turkic peoples of Eastern Turkestan who were struggling for self-determination. He said that Eastern Turkestanis had joined forces with Tibetans and Inner Mongols. It was no secret, he said, that throughout history Turks had formed close cultural, political, and even military relationships with these peoples and these groups now share a common destiny under Chinese rule. Alptekin called on the Turkic world to support independent Turkic economically and to offer Turkic peoples struggling for self-determination spiritual and material help in the international forum.
Erkin Alptekin, chairman of the Eastern Turkestani Union in Europe, was invited as an observer to attend the International Conference on "Sindh and Sindhis - At the Crossroads" held in London October 7-8. A number of ethnic and linguistic groups from South Asia were represented at the conference.
Alptekin expressed to the conference the gratitude of his countrymen to the people of Sindh and Pakistan for their generosity in 1949 when Eastern Turkestan was occupied by the Chinese Communists. He noted that Sindh, on the southern flank of the age-old Silk Road, had become the homeland of a number of ethnic, religious and linguistic groups. These had been set against each other resulting in men, women, and children being killed daily while the government in Islamabad was unable to protect the people of Sindh.
Alptekin warned that all patience had an end and that the present discord, if not resolved peacefully, could erupt into a major conflict leading to the destabilization of the Indian subcontinent. The international community, he said, should urge the central government and the warring sides should sit down together to find solutions to the problems that plague the people of Sindh.
UNPO LEADER KEN SARO WIWA EXECUTED IN NIGERIA
The people of Eastern Turkestan have been distressed by the news that Ken Saro Wiwa, leader of the Ogoni peoples, a distinct minority of 500 thousand people occupying a territory of 404 square miles in southern Nigeria, and eight other Ogoni patriots were executed by the Nigerian government despite numerous international appeals not to carry out the verdict. The people of Eastern Turkestan, who face imprisonment, torture and execution at the hands of the Chinese Communists, sympathize with the loss of the Ogoni people and offer condolence to the families of the victims.
Responding to years of exploitation of the Ogoni people Wiwa established the movement for the Survival of the Orgoni people (MOSOP) and became a non-violent revolution. MOSOP became a member in 1993 of the Unrepresented Nations and People Conference when Ken Saro Wiwa served a Vice Chairman until his arrest.
Berlin's Die Tageszeitung on August 17 published an article about Uighur opposition to Chinese nuclear tests a Lop Nor. The article discussed the environmental and health damage brought about by the tests and mentioned Uighur anti-nuclear protests in 1992, and 1993. It included comments by an Uighur: "The tests are racist. They use us as guinea pigs. The tests do not take place where the Chinese live, only where Uighurs live.
Popular demonstration in Malta protesting human rights violations in China marked the Chinese Prime Minister Li Peng's October visit to that country. Maltese papers gave wide coverage to the protests, including an appeal by Alternattiva Demokratika, the local branch of the Amnesty International. According to the Malta Independent of October 15, Alternattiva said it would have liked to welcome Mr. Li, "Unfortunately, the behavior of your government prevent us from doing so." The appeal mentioned the TianAnMen massacre, Chinese policy in Tibet and the "the desecration of out common natural environment through nuclear testing."
INAMO, a German language quarterly published in Erlangen, Bavaria, published a research paper by Michael Frederich in its summer issue. Between 1987 and 1989 Frederich, who speaks fluent Uighur was in Eastern Turkestan to do research. His article includes the following:
"It seems that the Chinese government has decided to solve the Xinjiang problem through economic and demographic changes: economically by exploiting the natural resources in favor of the central government and demographically by planting millions of Chinese in the country. If this transportation transfer policy is continued, the nationalities in that country will gradually lose their weight... The great majority of Uighurs did not support the Chinese students demonstration in TianAnMen in 1989. When asked why, the answer was that this was only a Chinese internal matter. They would not support such activities because the Chinese who demand democracy from the central government never support the Uighur cause. It is vitally important for the Chinese who demand democracy to do something to win the hearts of the Uighurs, who are related to almost 200 million Turkic people living on the other side of the border."
The aim of the Eastern Turkestan Information Bulletin is to disseminate objective current information on the people, culture and civilization of Eastern Turkestan and to provide a forum for discussion on a wide range of topics and complex issues. ETIB is published bi-monthly by the Eastern Turkestani Union in Europe(ETUE), established January 11, 1991 in Munich, Germany. Neither ETIB nor ETUE claim or accept responsibility for views otherwise identified within our pages. We hope that those using information from our publication in published works will be courteous enough to cite its source. All inquiries and contributions should be addressed to Eastern Turkestan Information Bulletin, Asgar Can, Editor, St. Blasien Str. 2, D-80809 Munich, Germany.
10TH ANNIVERSARY OF ALLIED COMMITTEE
ETUE ATTENDS WORLD TURKIC CONFERENCE
18TH ANNUAL TURKISH FEDERATION CONGRESS
ETUE AT WORLD SINDHI CONFERENCE